**General Information**

**Technical Specification**

Input voltage | 3 x 400/230V |

Autotransformer output voltage for Udc = 400Vdc | 3 x 314/182V, +15° 3 x 314/182V, -15° |

Line output current per secondary: (Ia1,Ib1,Ic1,Ia2,Ib2,Ic2) |
I1 = 388Arms I5 = 77.5Arms I7 = 55.5Arms I11 = 35Arms I13 = 30Arms continuous operating mode |

Frequency | 50Hz |

Ambient temperature | 40°C |

Temperature rise | Max. 120°K, insulation class H |

--Steel & Core | M6, annealed, strips for alternated stacking (45°), Oval cross section |

**Creating Input**

4 input screens are used to set the input parameters for the designing of a transformer:

- Winding parameters per limb
- Core
- Environment
- Other parameters

and 3 screens for selection and set up of material:

- wires
- steels
- cores.

**Windings parameters per phase**

The following 3 phase autotransformer circuit is often used to drive 2 parallel connected 6 pulse bridge rectifiers in order to compensate the 5. and 7. current harmonics on the input voltage side of the autotransformer. The parallel connection of the rectifiers is normally used if the output current Id is over 500-1000Adc.

For equal current distribution between 2 parallel connected rectifiers (without the chokes Ld1 and Ld2) the ratio Ucc_out1-out2/Ucc_in-out has to be bigger or equal 4 and Ucc_in-out > 4%. Normally this condition can be not realized by using the autotransformer and you need to consider using of Ld1&Ld2 chokes and/or 2 3-phase commutating chokes at the AC side between the rectifier and the autotransformer. Using of 2 3-phase commutating chokes is very effective for suppressing all current harmonics.

Note that the short-circuit voltage of a rectifier autotransformer is a complex issue reflecting:

- the rectifier protection in a short circuit operation mode of all secondary winding, a group of windings or of only one winding.
- the commutation operation mode of a group of windings
- the voltage drop of the dc-output voltage
- the current distribution between the parallel connected rectifiers

It has to be prescribed by the user of the transformer

The following 50Hz vector diagram of the autotransformer was created as follows:

- Input voltage per phase is 230V
- The output voltage per phase for 400Vdc rectifier voltage is 182V
- The first current harmonic is 388A (for rectifier DC current 500Adc)
- The zag voltage is 182 x sin(45°)/sin(120°) = 148.6V
- The zig voltage is 182 x sin(15°)/sin(120°) = 54.4V
- The voltage on the W1 winding is 230-148.6 = 81.4V
- The input current is 2 x 388 x 148.6/230 = 482A (blue)
- The zig current is 2 x 388 x cos(15°) *54.4/230 = 177A (red)

**Windings parameters per leg**

The Large Transformers Program supports the input per leg. You have to follow the following rules

- You need to declare min. one winding for primary. In this case it is zig winding with the input voltage 81.4V
- Wzag1 is the first secondary winding with 54.4V and 388A(first harmonic). Note that the current angle is 135° to the primary zig-winding (view the diagram). Through this winding flow all current harmonics.
- Wzag2 is the second secondary winding with 54.4V and 388A(first harmonic). Note that the current angle is 225° to the primary zig-winding (view the diagram). Through this winding flow all current harmonics. Note that the 5. and 7. harmonics flow in opposite direction to the 5. and 7. harmonics of the first zig winding (angle 180°)
- W1 is the 3. secondary winding with 81.4V and 614A(first harmonic). Note that the 5. and 7. current harmonics do not exist in this winding. 11. and 13. harmonics are 2 x cos(15°) bigger than in the zag winding
- For check in of your input you need to calculate “ampere-turns” of all winding per leg (without the primary no-load current)
- The set current harmonics are calculated for the worst case: Ucc= 0 and Ld = ∞ using the following table:

54.4 x 388 x sin(15°) + 54.4 x 388 x sin(345°) = 0

81.4 x (482+177)-148.6 x (267-177) – 2*54.4x388 x (cos(15°) = 0

In order to get equal short-circuit voltage for both outputs and a good current distribution between 2 parallel connected rectifiers it is recommended to use the following winding configuration per leg

**Input & Output**